Required Reading – The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism

Never underestimate the value of creativity. The history of America is saturated with fabrications of peaceful pilgrims, frontiers with no indigenous people, the happy slave, and benevolent slave owner. “The Half Has Never Been Told” is hands down my favorite history book. It’s a detailed and intellectually honest reflection on the most vicious slavery know to humankind. American Slavery. Innovations in violence, white supremacy, and prolific torture tactics would create what the enslaved called the “pushing system”. This new slavery created in states like S. Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi would drive boys and girls, women and men, to unprecedented levels human production. This was the start of what became known as the modern world and the creation of capitalism.

“Enslaved migrants in the field (people recently sold South) quickly learned what happened if they lagged or resisted. In Mississippi, Allen Sidney saw a man who had fallen behind the fore row fight back against a black driver who tried to ‘whip him up’ to pace. The white overseer, on horseback, dropped his umbrella, spurred up, and shouted, ‘Take him down!’. The overseer pulled out a pistol and shot the prone man dead. ‘None of the other slaves’, Sidney remembered, ‘said a word or turned their heads. They kept on hoeing as if nothing had happened’. They learned that they had to adapt to “pushing” or face unpredictable but extreme violence.”

The black persons body has been subject to cruel and unusual punishment since the Portuguese started kidnapping Africans in the 15th century. “The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism” is a masterpiece. Check it out if you’re into that kinda thing.

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